Jantar Mantar in New Delhi

Jantar Mantar in New Delhi is a noteworthy achievement in the history of astronomy, dating back to the 18th century.

If you want a glimpse of the greatness of Indian architecture, the best example is Jantar Mantar, situated on Parliament Street, in the close vicinity of Connaught Place, close to all the major Delhi Hotels. Also known as the Delhi observatory, the Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur and is therefore maintained by the Jaipur government.


This remarkable observatory proudly displays a vast variety of astronomical instruments, which were buillt under the tutelage of the Maharaja himself. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was a famous astronomer and portrayed a keen interest in studying European, Hindu, and Muslim astronomy. During the course of his observations, he realised that the systems used by the pundits were faulty and therefore he designed and created his own instruments. The instruments created by him were supposed to deliver accurate predictions.

The Jantar Mantar, made up of marble and stone, houses 14 geometric measurement devices in the form of fixed structures pointing to specific directions. Behaviour of the sun, moon, and planets, measurement of time and weather forecasts are the primary functions performed by these devices.

Each of the instruments presents the scientific acumen or insight behind the creation, thus proving the fact that science came into existence centuries ago and not just in the 20th Century as many believe.

The largest of all instruments stands 90 feet tall and is known as Samrat Yantra, or the Prince of Dials. The most wonderful part of this instrument lies in the way it has been built. The exact time of the day is displayed by the shadow of this instrument. You will marvel at the accuracy of the instrument, though not as accurate as a modern watch, but an amazing achievement for those times.

The Ram Yantra is an important device formed by the combination of two buildings with an open top. This instrument measures the altitude of stars. The position of the sun at the time of equinox is depicted by a third device known as the Jai Prakash Yantra.
Another important instrument is the Misra Yantra, consisting of five instruments. The pillars on the south west of Misra Yantra are used to measure the shortest and the longest days of the year.

The Jantar Mantar is also known as the Yantra Mandir, or the temple of instruments.

Tours to Jantar Mantra can be arranged at request. It usually is a part of the Delhi Tour. The New Delhi Tour starts from your hotel and ends at your hotel.

You can also, rent a car in Delhi, service provided by New India Travel Pvt. Limited.

Continue reading places to see in New Delhi. Other places to see are, India Gate, Old Fort and Jama Masjid